Center for Open Access in Science (COAS)

ISSN (Online) 2560-5372 *


2023 - Volume 7 - Number 1

Learning Strategies Used by Japanese Native Students to Learn Spanish

Sandra Pamela García Jiménez
University of Guanajuato, Division of Social Sciences and Humanities, Guanajuato, MEXICO

Open Journal for Psychological Research, 2023, 7(1), 25-34 *
Received: 10 December 2022 ▪ Revised: 24 March 2023 ▪ Accepted: 10 July 2023

LICENCE: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ARTICLE (Full Text - PDF)

Language learning strategies are used for a better organization of information and acquisition of a language. Spanish has become one of the most spoken languages nowadays thanks to globalization. As well, the relationship between Japan and Mexico has grown over the years thanks to the development of Japanese companies located in Mexico. Therefore, it is of interest how two languages so different from each other can be learned. This research seeks to find the most used learning strategies to reduce the complications of studying Spanish as a native Japanese learner.

KEY WORDS: second language acquisition, language learning strategies, language interference.

Sandra Pamela García Jiménez, University of Guanajuato, Division of Social Sciences and Humanities, Guanajuato, MEXICO.


Bostwick, M. (2004). What is immersion.

Brown, H. D. (1980). Second language acquisition/learning: Psycholinguistic factors. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics1, 108-123.

Green, B. (Ed.). (1987). The world’s major languages. Spanish. London, UK: Routledge.

Chamot, A. U., Barnhardt, S., Beard, P., & Robbins, J. (1999). The learning strategies handbook. New York, NY: Longman.

Druckman, D. E., & Bjork, R. A. (1994). Learning, remembering, believing: Enhancing human performance. National Academy Press.

Ehrman, E., Leaver B., & Oxford, R. (2003). A brief overview of individual differences in second language learning. System, 31, 2003, 313-330.

Felder, R. M., & Brent, R. (2007). Cooperative learning. Active learning: Models from the analytical sciences, 970, 34-53.

Hashim, A. (1999). Crosslinguistic influence in the written English of Malay undergraduates. Journal of Modern Languages, 12(1), 59-76.
Hismanoglu, M., (2000). Language learning strategies in foreign language learning and teaching. The Internet TESL Journal, 6(8), August 2000, 1-8.
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2002) Cooperative Learning Methods: A meta-analysis. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis: Cooperative Learning Center,

Klein, W. (2001). Second language acquisition. International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences, 20, 13768-13771. Elsevier science.

Krashen, S. (1981). Second language acquisition. Second Language Learning3(7), 19-39.

Mendoza, X. (2019). Strategies implemented by Japanese students to overcome difficulties when learning Spanish in Mexico [Bachelor’s thesis, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla]. BUAP.

McCombs, B. L. (2017, April). Historical review of learning strategies research: Strategies for the whole learner – A tribute to Claire Ellen Weinstein and early researchers of this topic. In Frontiers in Education (Vol. 2, p. 6). Frontiers Media SA.

Nordquist, R. (2020). Definition and Examples of Bilingualism. ToughtCo. Consulted 17 November 2022.

Oxford, R. (1990). Language Learning Strategies: An update. Online Resources: Digest.

Paradis, M., Hagiwara, H., & Hildebrandt, N. (1985). Neurolinguistic aspects of the Japanese writing system. Academic Press.

Russell, A. M. (2010) Assessment of strategy inventory of language learning (SILL) in students learning a second language.

Schumaker, J. B., & Deshler, D. D. (1992). Validation of learning strategy interventions for students with LD: Results of a programmatic research effort. In Y. L. Wong (Ed.), Contemporary intervention research in learning disabilities: An international perspective. New York: Springer-Verlag.

© Center for Open Access in Science