Center for Open Access in Science (COAS)
ISSN (Online) 2560-5372 *


2019 - Volume 3 - Number 1

Importance of Sex Education from the Adolescents’ Perspective: A Study in Indonesia

Siti Maimunah * * ORCID: 0000-0002-5417-6461
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Faculty of Psychology, INDONESIA

Open Journal for Psychological Research, 2019, 3(1), 23-30 *
Online Published Date: 31 August 2019

LICENCE: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ARTICLE (Full Text - PDF)

KEY WORDS: sex education, perspective, adolescent.

This study aims to explore the adolescents’ perspective on sex education as a policy basis of determining whether or not sex education is of importance for adolescents. To date, the concept of sex education is still considered taboo in the community and therefore rarely gets concerned at both home and school. This particularly has an impact on finding less-accurate information among adolescents that leads them into free and risky sexual behaviors. The subjects in this study were 165 adolescents aged 12-19 years. The results of the study show that sex education is of utmost importance from the adolescents’ perspective. The material contents of sex education according to respondents’ perspective include (1) how to avoid sex and promiscuity; (2) the knowledge improvement on proper sex education; (3) the impacts of free-sex, including sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy; (4) self-protection (e.g. from free-sex and sexual harassments). This proves the necessity for both parents and teachers to provide adolescents with sex education.

Siti Maimunah, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Faculty of Psychology, INDONESIA. E-mail:


Achema, G., Emmanuel, A., & Mosses, A. O. (2015). Factors responsible for teenage pregnancy and its implication on adolescent health and education: Perception of secondary school students in Nigeria. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, 1(2), 48-51.

Byers, E. S., Sears, H. A., Voyer, S. D., Thurlow, J. L., Cohen, J. N., & Weaver, A. D. (2003). An adolescent perspective on sexual health education at school and at home: II middle school student. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 12(1), 19-33.

Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. London. California. New Delhi. Sage Publication.

International Planned Parenthood Federation / IPPF (2010). IPPF framework for comprehensive sexual education. London. Doortje Braeken, Tim Shand and Upeka de Silva, IPPF Adolescents Team. 

Jimmy, E. E., Abeshi, S. E., Kalu, O. O., Uwanede, C. C., & Dominic, A. O. (2013). Perception of students, teachers and parents toward sexuality education in Calabar South local government area of cross river state, Nigeria. Journal of Sociological Research, 4(2).

Papri, F. S., Khanam, Z., Ara, S., & Panna, M. B. (2016). Adolescent pregnancy: Risk factors, outcome and prevention. Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital College Journal, 15(1), 53-56.

Strauss A., & Corbin, J. (2007). Dasar-dasar penelitian kualitatif (Terjemahan) [Basics of qualitative research (Translation)]. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Wight, D., Plummer, M., & Ross D. (2012). The need to promote behaviour change at the cultural level: one factor explaining the limited impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. A process evaluation. BMC Public Health, 12: 788, 1-12.

World Health Organization. (2006). Defining sexual health. Defining Sexual Health Report of a Technical Consultation on Sexual Health 28–31 January 2002, Geneva Geneva, (Sexual Health Document Series), 1-35. 

World Health Organization (2018). Adolescents: Health risks and solutions. Media centre Fact sheet; 2019. (accessed 22 January 2019). 

World Health Organization (2018). Adolescent pregnancy. (accessed 23 January 2019).

© Center for Open Access in Science