Center for Open Access in Science (COAS)
ISSN (Online) 2560-5380 *


2019 - Volume 3 - Number 1

Hellenistic Philosophy in Greek and Roman Times

Ioanna-Soultana Kotsori * * ORCID: 0000-0002-6028-7387
University of Peloponnese, Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Kalamata, GREECE

Open Journal for Studies in Philosophy, 2019, 3(1), 1-6 *
Online Published Date: 6 July 2019

LICENCE: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ARTICLE (Full Text - PDF)

KEY WORDS: Stoicism, Epicureanism, Cynicism, Hellenistic era, Roman Empire.

The new Hellenistic philosophies that emerged in Athens at the end of the 4th century BC – mainly Stoicism and Epicureanism – were largely non-original and second choice, compared to Plato and Aristotle. Unlike what happened with the works of Plato and Aristotle, the works of early Hellenistic era were lost on a large scale. However, they became the dominant philosophies of the next five centuries, and were extended from Greece to Rome and the distant provinces of the Roman Empire. A common element of the philosophers created in Hellenistic and Roman times is the connection of philosophy with individual life and its perception as an “art of life”. Philosophy ends up being a driver of life and a source of relief, a healing art, a way to cope with a hostile world. From the 4th century BC up to the first Christian centuries, Cynics, Stoics, Epicists and skeptical philosophers give a new role to philosophy.

Ioanna-Soultana Kotsori, University of Peloponnese, Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Kalamata, GREECE. E-mail:


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